Grade 5

What should my child be able to do in Math by the end of Grade 5?

• Write and interpret numerical expressions using parentheses, brackets, or braces
• Express a whole number (2 – 50) as a product of its prime factors
• Describe more complex patterns by seeing the change 
• Understand the place value system from thousandths to millions
• Fluently multiply multi-digit numbers using the standard algorithm
• Divide multi-digit numbers by two-digit divisors
• Read, write, and compare decimals to the thousandths
• Round decimals to any place
• Compute with multi-digit whole numbers and numbers with decimals to the hundredths 
• Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators
• Multiply fractions and mixed numbers 
• Divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions
• Convert measurements and use in problem solving (0.05 m = 5 cm or 2.5 feet = 30 inches)
• Organize and explain data using a line plot
• Understand and find the volume of rectangular prisms
• Analyze number patterns
• Graph points on a coordinate graph 
• Show a graph with an x and y axis with several points labeled by their coordinates
• Sort two-dimensional shapes into categories based on their properties
Read the Standards.

What should my child be able to do in Language Arts by the end of Grade 5?

• Quote accurately when referring to text
• Determine the main ideas and summarize the text
• Compare and contrast texts
• Explain how an author uses reason or evidence to support points in a text

Reading: Foundational Skills
• Use grade-level phonics and word analysis skills (roots, prefixes, and suffixes)
• Read with accuracy and fluency

• Write opinion pieces that support a point of view with reasons and information
• Write informative texts that share ideas and information
• Write narratives that use related descriptive details and a clear sequences of events
• Write clearly and with a purpose; keep the audience in mind
• Use technology to publish writing; type two pages in a single sitting

Speaking and Listening
• Summarize information presented
• Identify reasons and evidence a speaker or media source provides to support particular points • Identify and discuss misleading ideas
• Plan and deliver a speech
• Deliver a memorized poem or section of a speech
• Use expression and gestures

• Use correct grammar
• Use verb tenses correctly
• Use correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
• Use punctuation to separate items in a series/list
• Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics in a title
• Vary sentence length and style
• Compare and contrast styles used in literature
• Use a variety of methods to determine the meaning of an unknown word 

Read the Standards.

How do teachers track my child's progress?
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1. Measures of Academic Progress/MAP (math and ELA assessment)
Family Guide

2. Smarter Balanced Assessments
Understand the SBA Score Report and sample questions (WA State Office of the Superintendent for Public Instruction)
Practice SBA Test Questions (WA State Office of the Superintendent for Public Instruction)

What happens if there's a problem?
1. Seattle Public Schools uses the Multi Tier System of Supports (MTSS) framework to support all students academically. This system allows teachers to tailor instruction to each student, including additional assistance where needed:
What is MTSS? A Jargon Free Explanation for Parents

2. Students with disabilities that affect their learning may be eligible under Federal law for additional supports in the form of an Individualized Education Program (IEP):
A Step-By-Step Guide to the IEP Process (Scholastic)
Special Education (Seattle Public Schools)
Getting to Results: A Guide to Special Education in Seattle Public Schools (Seattle Special Education PTSA)

How can I support my child's learning at home?
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Readiness Check - Math and Reading (Learning Heroes)
What does success look like in Fifth Grade reading and math? (video examples - Great Schools)

Family Guide to Support Learning - Grade 5 (Seek Common Ground)
Parents' Guide to Student Success - Grade 5 (National PTA)
Family Guide to Grade 5 Learning (Seattle Public Schools)

How children learn division (video - Graham Fletcher, elementary math specialist)
How children learn multiplication (video - Graham Fletcher, elementary math specialist)
How children learn fractions (video - Graham Fletcher, elementary math specialist)
Supporting Your Child in 5th Grade Math (Council of the Great City Schools)